LOS ANGELES — Jim Brown, regarded by many as the greatest football player of all time who quit the game at the height of his career and became a successful Hollywood actor and influential activist at the peak of the civil rights era, has died at his home in Los Angeles.
Brown died late Thursday at 87. His wife Monique was by his side, a family spokeswoman said.
A multitalented athlete cast in the mold of the legendary Jim Thorpe – he’s in three halls of fame – Brown was known best as a football player. Perhaps the football player. A fullback for the Cleveland Browns, he stepped away from the game after only nine seasons while on the set of “The Dirty Dozen,” saying he needed greater mental stimulation in his life.
In his career, though, the Browns won the National Football League championship in 1964 before the creation of the Super Bowl and he led the league in yards rushing eight times, failing to gain 1,000 yards only in his rookie season, He was the league MVP three times and, at retirement, held records, among many others, for single-season yards rushing, 1,863 in 1963, and career rushing, 12,312.
Those marks have long since been broken, but when Brown was playing, the NFL season was 12 games for his first four seasons, then 14 for the next five. Today’s pros play a 17-game regular-season schedule. And Brown’s per-game record of 104.3 yards rushing appears as unassailable now as it did then. No other running back has even cracked 100 yards.
Brown didn’t just run from scrimmage, though. He was an excellent receiver out of the backfield, catching 262 passes for 2,499 yards and 20 touchdowns, and he returned kickoffs for an additional 628 yards.
More impressive than his numbers, though, was his style. At 6-foot-2 and 232 pounds, he was a speedster who loved contact. If he couldn’t run past a defender, he’d try to run over him. And often did.
“Jim Brown was a combination of speed and power like nobody who has ever played the game,” Dick LeBeau, a Hall of Fame defensive back with the Detroit Lions and later one of the longest-serving coaches in league history, said to Sports Illustrated 50 years after Brown had walked away from the game.
“Obviously, arm tackles were not going to slow him down, but he was so elusive. ... He was so good at setting you up, then making you miss. You just didn’t know if you were going to get a big collision or be grabbing at his shoelaces.”
And said John Mackey, who, like Brown, played his college football at Syracuse and then went on to a 10-year career as a tight end for the Baltimore Colts and San Diego Chargers, “He told me, ‘Make sure when anyone tackles you, he remembers how much it hurts.’”
Football, though, was just one of the athletic things he did well. At Manhasset High School on Long Island, New York, he also played lacrosse, baseball, basketball and water polo and ran track. As a sophomore at Syracuse University, he was the second-leading scorer on the basketball team, competed in track and field, and continued to cultivate his love for lacrosse, which he preferred to football.
One spring day in the mid-1950s, Lefty James, Cornell’s football coach, took in a Syracuse-Cornell lacrosse game and was surprised to see Brown, the All-American running back, leading the Syracuse team.
“Oh, my goodness,” he sputtered, “they let him play with a stick!”
In track and field, they let him play with a discus, a 16-pound shot and a javelin. In 1956, even though he was only slightly familiar with some of the events, Brown finished fifth nationally in the decathlon, the 10-event competition considered by many as the truest test of athleticism.
That finish qualified him for the Olympics, but he skipped the Melbourne Games to concentrate on football, the sport offering him the most lucrative future. By the time he graduated from Syracuse, he had accumulated 10 varsity letters, three each in football and lacrosse, and two each in basketball and track, and was an All-American in lacrosse as well as football.
He is in both the pro and college football halls of fame, and the lacrosse hall as well, although his selection to the college hall was a near thing. In celebration of 150 years of college football, 150 judges for ESPN named him the best college player ever. He finished his collegiate career at Syracuse with 2,091 yards and 26 touchdowns, and the Syracuse Carrier Dome has an 800-square-foot tapestry showing Brown in football and lacrosse uniforms, identifying him as “Greatest Player Ever.”
His statue stands outside Cleveland’s FirstEnergy Stadium.
No one ever referred to him as the “greatest actor ever” – in most of his roles he played a version of himself, brooding and intense, yet bold and incisive – but his cinematic career included 44 movies over a 50-year span. And it did have its moments. In 1969, for instance, he was billed over co-stars Raquel Welch and Burt Reynolds in “100 Rifles,” and his love scene with Welch in that movie was hailed, inaccurately, as filmdom’s first featuring an interracial couple.
Brown, who was making slightly more than $60,000 a season at the peak of his football career, had already made one movie and was working on his second when he decided he was through with football. He had accepted an off-season role in “The Dirty Dozen,” a big-budget, multistar movie about hardcore military prisoners offered a suicide mission against a French chateau held by top Nazi officers during World War II.
Filming, however was delayed by weather problems, and when the Browns congregated for training camp in 1966, Brown was still in England, working on the movie.
That did not sit well with Browns owner Art Modell, who announced he was fining his star back $100 – the equivalent of $842 in 2021 – for every day he missed camp.
Abruptly, Brown called John Wooten, his friend and teammate, telling him he was retiring and to wish the team well. The next morning, the 30-year-old Brown, wearing Army fatigues and sitting in a high director’s chair in front of a tank on the movie set, announced his retirement to the world.
“My original intention was to try to participate in the 1966 National Football League season,” he said. “But due to circumstances, this is impossible.”
A day later, he told Tex Maule of Sports Illustrated: “I could have played longer. I wanted to play this year but it was impossible. We’re running behind schedule shooting here, for one thing. (And) I want more mental stimulation than I would have playing football. I want to have a hand in the struggle that is taking place in our country and I have the opportunity to do that now. I might not a year from now.”
By then, he had already formed the Black Economic Union, a group founded in the belief that economic development was the key to equality for Black Americans. Among its many high-profile members and spokesmen were Bill Russell of the Boston Celtics and Muhammad Ali, the once and future heavyweight boxing champion. Years later, Brown told the Cleveland Plain Dealer that more than 400 businesses had been launched with the help of the BEU.
In 1967, when Ali refused to be drafted into the military in protest of the Vietnam War and was stripped of his championship, Brown gathered an impressive group of successful Black athletes such as Kareem Abdul-Jabbar to publicly support Ali.
In 1988, living in Los Angeles, Brown founded Amer-I-Can, a national organization to help rehabilitate gang members and former prisoners. According to Amer-I-Can, “The program goal is to help enable individuals to meet their academic potential, to conform their behavior to acceptable society standards, and to improve the quality of their lives by equipping them with the critical life management skills to confidently and successfully contribute to society.”
Brown often brokered peace deals between rival gangs and led meetings with at-risk young men, at his home in the Hollywood Hills, as well as in Cleveland and in other cities with Amer-I-Can chapters.
He appeared as a color analyst on NFL telecasts for CBS, along with Vin Scully and Hall of Fame coach George Allen, was the first Black American to announce a televised boxing match in the U.S. – Ernie Terrell’s 15-round decision over George Chuvalo in 1965 for a portion of the heavyweight title – and later served as color commentator for Ultimate Fighting Championship events. He is also credited for suggesting to Bob Arum, then a little-known lawyer, that he seek a new career in boxing. Arum took that advice and became the most influential boxing promoter of his day.
Brown is survived by his wife and children Karen, Kim and Kevin from his first marriage, and Jim Jr. and Aris from his second.